Each fall the new cohort of Research Project Leaders will undergo a two-week bootcamp to provide the fundamental knowledge necessary to conduct research on SABV and successfully compete for NIH grants within two years. The training will include: (1) Didactic lectures on clinical and basic experimental approaches to SABV; (2) Hands-on training in the methodologies of sex difference research, including surgical gonadectomy, monitoring of the estrous cycle, and fluorescent in situ hybridization for determination of sex chromosomes; and (3) Mini-lectures by world-renowned experts on sex differences in eight major systems.